Difficult pH Sensor Application? What You Need To Know
Due to the fact that they can produce reference poisoning, chlorides and products based on sulphur have the potential to have a major impact on pH sensors. Poisoning of the reference happens when contaminants in the sample, like chlorides or compounds based on sulphur, react with the reference electrode and affect its voltage. This is known as reference poisoning. This can result in the sensor giving erroneous data, and it could even cause the sensor to break down entirely.
In a pH sensor, the reference electrode is often composed of a metal, such as silver or silver chloride, and it is placed in contact with a solution whose pH value is already known. This solution, which is referred to as the reference electrolyte, is responsible for providing the sensor with a constant voltage that it can utilise to determine the pH of the sample. The sample and the reference electrolyte are connected by a porous glass or ceramic junction, which enables ions to move freely between the reference electrolyte and the sample. The reference electrode is connected to the sensor.
It is possible for chlorides or compounds based on sulphur to react with the reference electrode, which would then cause the voltage of the reference electrode to vary. For instance, chlorides have the potential to react with the silver present in the reference electrode, resulting in the formation of silver chloride. This reaction has the potential to alter the voltage of the reference electrode. In a similar manner, compounds based on sulphur have the potential to react with the reference electrode, hence altering its voltage. These reactions have the potential to cause the reference electrode to generate erroneous voltages, which in turn has the potential to cause the sensor to generate inaccurate pH measurements.
Reference poisoning can be particularly problematic for sensors that are used in industrial or environmental applications, as samples may contain high amounts of chlorides or sulfur-based compounds. This can make reference poisoning a particularly challenging issue to solve. In situations like these, it is critical to make use of reference electrodes of a high grade that are built to be resistant to reference poisoning, as well as to keep these electrodes clean and in good working order. In order to reduce the likelihood of the reference becoming poisoned, it is essential to make use of an electrolyte reference that is compatible with the sample in question.
To reduce the potentially damaging effects that chlorides and sulfur-based chemicals have on pH sensors, one solution is to make use of pH sensors that come equipped with a built-in reference poisoning prevention system. These sensors frequently make use of a reference electrolyte that is less prone to react with chlorides or chemicals based on sulphur, and they may also have a protective coating that helps to prevent reference poisoning in some situations.
In conclusion, chlorides and products containing sulphur can have a substantial impact on pH sensors due to the fact that they can react with the reference electrode, resulting in the electrode producing voltages that are not accurate. Because of this, the pH values produced by the sensor may be erroneous, and it may even cause the sensor to break down entirely. It is essential to make use of reference electrodes that are of a high quality, to keep them clean and well-maintained, and to make use of reference electrolyte that is compatible with the sample in order to avoid the risk of reference poisoning.